¿Los objetos producen adaptaciones?

El estudio: «Cross-Category Adaptation: Objects Produce Gender Adaptation in the Perception of Faces» de Amir Homayoun & Natalie Wee propone cómo puede ser posible que hombres y mujeres adaptemos nuestra clasificación de los objetos y los relacionemos con cierto tipo de rostros.

Rostros masculinizados y feminizados

Abstract: Adaptation aftereffects have been found for low-level visual features such as colour, motion and shape perception, as well as higher-level features such as gender, race and identity in domains such as faces and biological motion. It is not yet clear if adaptation effects in humans extend beyond this set of higher order features. The aim of this study was to investigate whether objects highly associated with one gender, e.g. high heels for females or electric shavers for males can modulate gender perception of a face. In two separate experiments, we adapted subjects to a series of objects highly associated with one gender and subsequently asked participants to judge the gender of an ambiguous face. Results showed that participants are more likely to perceive an ambiguous face as male after being exposed to objects highly associated to females and vice versa. A gender adaptation aftereffect was obtained despite the adaptor and test stimuli being from different global categories (objects and faces respectively). These findings show that our perception of gender from faces is highly affected by our environment and recent experience. This suggests two possible mechanisms: (a) that perception of the gender associated with an object shares at least some brain areas with those responsible for gender perception of faces and (b) adaptation to gender, which is a high-level concept, can modulate brain areas that are involved in facial gender perception through top-down processes.

Puede ver el paper en versión html en el enlace: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0046079 Está documentada la metodología, la muestra y los resultados,  y tal vez lo más importante: los puntos que quedan en discusión. Sin ellos no se puede establecer debate para producir conocimiento.

Cuando encontré el paper recordé un tema relacionado que tiene que ver con cómo las personas en Occidente percibimos la belleza. Ello tiene relación directa con elementos que usamos en la composición en diseño, por ejemplo simetría, lateralidad, ordenamiento, proporción y otra serie de variables que nos permiten identificar y clasificarlos como bellos. Puede ver la entrada en http://cesaraugustogalan.blogspot.com/2007/01/acerca-de-la-belleza.html

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